Currently, Management Accounting has been interested many researchers, economists as well as Vietnamese enterprises. Management accounting provides useful information about such contents as cost classification and control, cost - volume - profit analysis, estimation, responsibility center analysis, information analysis, believe in making short and long term decisions, thereby helping internal managers make appropriate business decisions. Understand the importance of Management Accounting, the article presents some modern management tools used in management accounting such as: Cost-by-Activity (ABC) Determination, Balanced Scorecard (BSC), Cost accounting and cost management in a lean environment. Vietnam is on the way of applying International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) and the above issues of management accounting need to be considered. Through the view of manager awareness and external auditors. We use quantitative research methods based on synthesis analysis of available information from many various sources, interviews through questionnaires for 500 managers and auditors who are currently working in Vietnam in 2019. We figure out some factors influencing IFRS applying including but not limited to business features, accounting team ability, accounting framework, etc. Applying IFRS will need to go in parallel with enhancing management accounting practices in developing nations including Vietnam. There is not so much gap in perception of IFRS applicability among managers in enterprises and auditors, among different groups of people in working experience. Last but not least, this paper contributes to an overview of factors affecting the ability to apply the international accounting standards system in a developing country like Vietnam. At the same time demonstrate that this applicability is influenced by many different factors.