The article presents the problem of selected aspects of social security in Poland. A source of motivation to address the issue of social security for the author was the geopolitical situation related to the increase in the number of Muslim immigrants in Europe in recent years and the current COVID-19 epidemic. Counteracting the threats of a social nature has become one of the main activities of the state in the 21st century. Social security relates to a wide range of activities carried out by the public administration, NGOs and the local communities to guarantee decent living conditions. All of this constitutes a special kind of security, the lack of which directly interferes with the foundations of a nation’s existence. The aim of the study was to present issues related to the depopulation process affecting Poland and the demographically unfavourable changes taking place in modern families. The article presents the situation prior to the emergence of the COVID-19 epidemic. Undoubtedly, the COVID-19 epidemic will significantly affect social security, also in the demographic dimension. However, the overall impact of the epidemic can only be estimated after it has completely ceased. Conclusions included in the article were formulated on the basis of the analysis of statistical data of the Central Statistical Office. In addition, the author points out the consequences resulting from a long-term demographic collapse in the country.
This is a conceptual article to study the economic effects of SMEs performance. It has become a widely recognized that entrepreneurs and Information Technology (IT) have become the backbone of the world’s economy. In fact, entrepreneurs are commonly considered an asset for the economic development of the society as well as the country. The current studies focus on the nature, process and practice of the matter SMEs and Information Technology in entrepreneurship for the development and implementation throughout the world, and provide entrepreneurs, managers and practitioners with up-to-date, comprehensive and effective strategies for business plans with an effective method of using Information Technology in society. However, massive and ongoing transformations are characteristics of this environment and business environment, which underscores the need for greater attention to be paid to the business environment. Furthermore, modern organizations do activities in complex environment and in the meantime dynamic. This paper aims to discuss the importance of entrepreneurship in today’s society. Therefore, entrepreneurs can play an important role in assisting and fostering business success to benefits the society. Extensive changes, increased complexity and competition are the most important features of today’s world. In addition, Information Technology can assist the business to create value, better performance, increase productivity and quality. Finally, information technology is important to the business sector as a management tool to optimize the processing of information to produce goods and services for profits.
In the scientific work, the factors of perception of management styles have been studied in order to ensure the security of functioning of the enterprise in the context of the transformation of the social system when implementing strategies aimed at its development. The paradigm of decision making on interference in functional processes has been studied for ensuring the security and organizational sustainability of the enterprise. The main components of the formation of corporate models of sustainability and security of enterprise development have been considered and classified.
The objective of the research is to define the development of constitutionalism and socio-cultural challenges related to the formation process of the European Union’s legal identity. To achieve this goal, the concept of constitutionalism and its changes during the period of the European Union’s development are examined. Tendencies of the European Union Member States’ constitutionalism process are analysed and socio-cultural tensions of the formation of the contemporary European Union’s legal identity, which arise between security and freedom, order and justice and government and society are identified. The article states that the sustainability of public democratic processes and the functioning of the European Union is possible only if the constitutional values are protected. The reseach also reveals that the further evolution of European constitutionalism and legal identity still needs to enhance the development of the rules which could influence the creation and activities of the independent, self-governing EU’s political community.