It has been proven that administrative liability for violation of customs rules is one of the most effective means of ensuring law and order in the customs affairs and customs policy of Ukraine, and contributes to strengthening the customs security of the country. It has been established that at the present stage the customs system of Ukraine is at the stage of stagnation, characterized by the existence of a large number of objective and subjective problems that must be solved by joint efforts of government officials in various fields through large-scale effective reform of customs authorities. The statistical analysis of smuggling in Ukraine for 2013-2018 has been carried out. The directions of coping with smuggling patterns has been proposed. In the context of European integration of Ukraine, the solution to this complex problem is seen through the study of the successful experience of representative European states as regards building and operation of customs systems, which are based on the use of European customs principles and operate effectively at European and international levels. The system of risk management and analysis operates on the basis of built-in analytical tools, which are used by customs authorities to develop and implement a full range of control measures for high-risk goods. This allows identifying fiscal and nonfiscal risks ensuring the implementation of the principle of selectivity. Such approach to customs control maintains an optimal balance between facilitating foreign trade and ensuring the financial security of the state, reducing the time of customs clearance and shifting the emphasis to customs control after the release of goods for free circulation. Development and implementation of new software products will allow improving the electronic declaration system, making the most of its capabilities. The fight against customs offenses of an economic nature, the main purpose of which is to import goods into the country with evasion of customs duties, can be effective and efficient only if it is conducted by measures of an economic nature.
This paper focuses on identifying risks in selected social facilities in relation to the possible occurrence of an emergency. Risks are dealt with for residential social facilities that provide meals all day long in the territorial scope of the city of České Budějovice. Via the application of the KARS method, selected risks are assessed using their correlations. In this way, the risks are divided into those that primarily threaten the examined social facilities, as well as risks that represent hierarchically-lower risks, or those that were assessed as relatively safe. The research investigated risks in relation to emergencies that occur when social services are provided within the cadastral territory of the České Budějovice. The KARS method was used to identify the risks that are most dangerous for social facilities. In the first stage of the analysis, group risks were ascertained that occur during the operations of individual facilities. The risks were divided into those that primarily threaten the social facilities, and to those which hierarchically represent lesser risks, or were assessed as relatively safe.
The article deals with the problem of future development threats based on the methodology of industry foresight. As an empirical basis for this direction of forecasting, the authors study the mining and metallurgical complex of the Republic of Kazakhstan as a leading factor in the development of the entire national economy. The study is a pilot and focuses on assessing the risks that have formed that could pose a serious threat to the development of the industry, the economy and the country as a whole in the future. Summarizing the world experience in applying the foresight methodology, the authors use it to predict the security and sustainability of development in the medium-term. Using the risk mapping method, the authors identify safety zones in the development trends of the mining and metallurgical industry. The assessment of threats and risks also highlights the leading actors that affect the development of the industry. The main risks for Kazakhstan’s mining and metallurgical enterprises are the lack or shortage of local labor and its low skills. Automation of production processes and digitalization of production are becoming the leading trends in the development of the industry. The problem of improving the quality of workforce training and mastering the necessary skills by specialists is a serious threat to the development of the industry. The authors suggest using foresight tools not only to assess risks, but also to prevent their development into future threats.
The article aims to identify destabilizing factors of economic security and to elaborate recommendations aimed to improve the efficiency of the development of Kazakh enterprises. The authors have used methods of theoretical research, analysis and synthesis, as well as methods of concretization and analogy and an expert survey conducted with their direct participation.Results of the conducted research show that there is a relatively favorable economic environment in industrial production in the Republic of Kazakhstan. However, according to the expert survey, business activity, liquidity and profitability have been falling at many industrial concerns. Among destabilization factors restricting the operation of industrial enterprises, the following dominate: insufficient demand for manufactured products, deficit of own financial resources, tougher market competition and macroeconomic uncertainty. Even though this study mainly covers a range of issues related to Kazakhstan, its conclusions are of interest for the development of an economic strategy at enterprises that operate in other emerging economies.