Sustainable development process is affected by contemporary phenomena. Big Data processing inefficiency is detrimental for banks’ activity excellence. The software used for running and handling the interbank network framework provides services with extremely strict uptime (above 99.98 percent) and quality requirements, thus tools to trace and manage changes as well as metrics to measure process quality are essential. Having conducted a two year long campaign of data collection and activity monitoring it has been possible to analyze a huge amount of process data from which many aggregated indicators were derived, selected and evaluated for providing a managerial dash-board to monitor software development. The paper provides insights about the issues related to Big Data processing inefficiencies. Context of sustainable development is being taken into account.
Climate change and environmental aspects are key issues on public agenda. Governments and politicians try to implement new regulations and limits to reduce the environmental burden of the industries around the globe. However, success can be seen only to a limited extend in many areas. On the other hand some industrial sectors themselves start to think about solutions to handle the big impacts. Some pioneers in this field discovered already also the competitive and economic advantage of implementing so called green and sustainable solutions in their business. This includes production, manufacturing and transport activities but also ways how to manage and monitor such activities from an eco-friendly perspective. This paper will give an overview of the implication of green logistics along the supply chain in regard to the automotive industry including supply companies from SME sector and will demonstrate the application of this issue. For that an example of the European market leader Volkswagen AG in Germany is chosen and analyzed in the case description.
In the article, on the basis of comparative-legal analysis, there is explored the content of concept “commercial secret”, considered the organisational, administrative (management), and legal measures of ensuring the safety of commercial secret, and criteria of referring information to commercial secret. The conditions of ensuring the confidentiality safety of commercial information, the methodology of selecting data constituting commercial secret, and information protection measures are sequentially analysed; the evaluation of the role of administrative information in competitive activity and authorization-based information access system is provided. In the article also the legal nature and kinds of agreements about confidentiality, as well as the content of some of them, measures of protection of commercial secret from disclosure, among which the main place is occupied by liability measures applied on law-breakers, and also basic questions on protection of commercial secret after termination of labour relationship with employee, are studied in details.
In recent years, there has been a considerable increase of total of the total number of female prisoners. Criminal offences committed by women are becoming more aggressive, more brutal and better planed. The offences are closely related to alcohol, psychotropic or narcotic substance abuse or domestic violence. Therefore, when rendering decisions that in any way affect the conditions of incarcerated women, it is important to pay special attention to the women’s needs, namely their physical, professional, social and psychological needs. The assessment of risks and needs of the convicted women requires particular care and should be made in a tolerant manner, for it shall significantly affect the choice of the applicable social behaviour correlation tools or social rehabilitation tools and other measures that shall be the part of the convicted person’s reintegration plan to prepare the imprisoned woman for productive life in society. This article identifies and analyses of the results of the conducted study on peculiarities of execution of the sentence of imprisonment in respect of convicted women in Latvia. Based on the study there has been developed a series of recommendations for the staff (of places of confinement) working with women prisoners, as well as pointed out the necessity to make amendments to the norms of The Sentence Execution Code of Latvia.
Driving factors and implications of foreign direct investments were widely discussed during the latest decade. Anyway, impression remains that due to the specifics of that type of investment, misinterpreting of their economic composition is rather frequent than rare. Hence, the paper starts with detailed classification of investment types. The next part of the paper is devoted to a review of approaches to FDI driving factors and outcomes. Finally, current trends of foreign capital flows in Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia are being observed and evaluated. Novel insights about new consistent patterns of foreign capital directions are being provided. The paper is being finalized by indicating contemporary implications of FDI withdrawal for host country related to its further secure and sustainable development.
Aim of the paper is to outline a research methodology, which would ultimately allow predicting and enhancing competitiveness of less developed economies, which encounter energy security issues. The following theoretical questions are to be discussed. The first, what we mean by sustainable development in countries, which are in different economic development phases, i.e. if emphasis on different facets of sustainability (particularly economic environmental, related to energy consumption patterns) changes as country develops. The second research question raised in the paper deals with energy security issues. Authors tackle the following questions of methodological character: if/what natural consistent patterns of economies development exist; and how to indicate efficient ways of economic restructuring. Answer to the indicated questions would allow formulating policy implications directed towards energetically secure and sustainable development.