The basis of every state is in its democratic system and ability to defend it. Therefore, a government has legal rights to immediately declare emergency situation, responding to crisis, catastrophes or unforeseen extraordinary events. The topicality of the research is determined by the emergency situation declared by the Cabinet of Ministers in 2019 in the administrative territory of Riga City in regard to waste management, in order to provide the Riga municipality with an opportunity to conclude negotiated procedure without prior publication. Even though state’s democratic system demands to act immediately in any case of such action, it must be legal since the public, whose life, health and property might be endangered, relies on it, as well as budget is spent on it. However, the mutual application of regulatory enactments in practise cause issues because it is not always clear how to identify and separate such situations and which regulatory enactment is applicable in each specific case. The aim of the research is to determine what is included in the definition of unforeseeable extraordinary events in the context of public procurement, when the government has rights to declare an emergency situation, what are the legal consequences of declaring emergency situation and provide suggestions for dealing with the issue highlighted by the research. In order to reach the set goal, the following tasks were defined: carry-out analysis of regulatory enactments, research the judicature of the European Union and Latvia, conclusions of legal scholars and evaluate the practice of legal act application. The research utilizes descriptive, comparative, dogmatic, historical, systemic, teleological method and analytical interpretation of regulatory enactments.
Public administration is a set of state institutions that mainly exercises the functions of the executive body (rather than legislative or judicial) in accordance with the law. Public administration includes the Cabinet of Ministers, institutions subordinate to the Cabinet of Ministers as well as other independent institutions. The aim of the research is to analyse the historical development of the Cabinet of Ministers and ministries, to emphasize the main stages of development of public administration, while highlighting the problems that existed both during the period of Latvia’s first independence as well as after the restoration of the state and seeking the best possible solutions for the further development of public administration. The study will use descriptive, dogmatic, historical, comparative and analytical research methods.
The Part I of article presents the current issues and latest trends of one of the public security policy one of priority – ensuring public security in combating crime. In article covers the main quantitative and qualitative indicators of the present-day crime in Lithuania and in the world; the key problems of crime prevention optimization and legal regulation and institutional problems of criminal process control are elucidated. This research focuses in particular on the importance of creating models for control and prevention of new crime acts. Also, the problems of prevention and control of some conditionally distinguished criminal processes – shadow economy, corruption, fight against human trafficking and violence in family environment – are scrutinized. As a result in this research is emphasised the importance of decentralisation in combating crime; the main guidelines of optimization and modernisation in this field are presented. The authors applied general scientific methods of studying objective reality, peculiar to legal sciences: systematic document analysis, metaanalysis, structural-functional analysis, teleological, comparative, critical approach, generalisation and prediction.
Violent crimes by the degree of public danger and the severity of the caused damage far exceed other criminal manifestations. Rapers disseminate the stereotype of aggressively-violent behaviour in the domestic and leisure microenvironment. These criminal offences are mostly condemned from the point of view of the general human morality. The aim of the present article is to examine the impact of socio-economic development level of a country on the level of violent crimes which are committed in that country. Successful prevention of a violent crime, which infringes on such important values as a human’s life and health, demands scrutinizing of its causes. Any crime, the violent one in particular, is not as a rule the result of one cause but is a combination of external and internal factors. The qualitative analysis conducted within the research has proved the conclusion that there is a definite connection between the socioeconomic development level of a country and the trend of the proportion of particular crime types that dominate in it. In less developed countries the proportion of violent crimes is much higher than in the developed ones, where thefts and other crimes against property prevail.