Throughout the history of mankind, energy security has been always seen as a means of protection from disruptions of essential energy systems. The idea of protection from disorders emerged from the process of securing political and military control over energy resources to set up policies and measures on managing risks that affect all elements of energy systems. The various systems placed in a place to achieve energy security are the driving force towards the energy innovations or emerging trends in the energy sector.
Our paper discusses energy security status and innovations in the energy sector in European Union (EU). We analyze the recent up-to-date developments of the energy policy and exploitation of energy sources, as well as scrutinize the channels of energy streaming to the EU countries and the risks associated with this energy import. Moreover, we argue that the shift to the low-carbon production of energy and the massive deployment of renewable energy sources (RES) might become the key issue in ensuring the energy security and independency of the EU from its external energy supplies. Both RES, distributed energy resources (DER) and “green energy” that will be based on the energy efficiency and the shift to the alternative energy supply might change the energy security status quo for the EU.
The prepared diagnostics of bankruptcy threatening to the enterprises is submitted in the present thesis. Herein, bankruptcy threatening to the enterprises is being diagnosed as per three stages, i.e. the condition of the enterprise and the reasons, which have determined such condition, are being gradually concretized. The financial condition of the enterprises and the threat of bankruptcy are being evaluated at the first stage by applying the integrated model, which assists in achieving the generalized evaluation of the condition. The relative financial indices of the enterprise are being analyzed at the second stage seeking for diagnosing the problematic fields of the enterprise. The third stage, at which the absolute financial indices are being analyzed, is aimed at ascertaining the reasons, which have determined the condition of the enterprise. The size of the crisis, its activity factors are ascertained considering evaluation indices of the enterprise condition; they allow selecting substantially the bankruptcy prevention measures out of the possible leading set of internal and external measures.