The sustainable, adequate, security and efficient operation of a central bank depends on many internal and external factors. New trends, challenges, and threats (which are associated with European integration, globalization, etc.) affect the sustainable, efficient, and security operations of the ECB, which can lead to economic or financial crises. Therefore, in the current situation, the concept of the Central Bank’s activities, its legal status and the institution of monetary policy should change completely. The purpose of this research was as follows: 1) to determine economic and legal aspects of sustainable, efficient and safe operation of the ECB, with a reflection on innovation and analysis of modern de lege lata trends to ensure sustainable development of the EU, 2) to prepare conclusions and to identify positive and negative aspects that affect the activities of the Central Bank, 3) on the basis of scientific and practical de lege lata research and its application, to develop de lege ferenda to improve the activities of the European System of Central Banks, the European Central Bank, national central banks and other institutions of the European Union.
Since the quality of the business environment is decisive for the inflow of investments in the country, this paper is focused on a brief analysis of the Slovak business environment based on international indicators. Assessing the quality of the business environment is the assessment of the level of the individual components of the business environment. A high-quality business environment that creates the conditions for long-term economic growth is a basic precondition for business development and increasing the competitiveness of the country. Elements of the business environment in the country constitute a legislative framework for business and law enforcement, administrative and financial (tax and fee) burdens, interference with business freedom and business infrastructure (conditions, quality and availability of key factors of production and business services). It is clear from this that the business environment is a complex variable, including many areas. Therefore, this paper will point to some selected areas of business environment in Slovakia. A sustainable busines environment constantly innovates and simplifies individual indicators affecting businesses on the market. The paper provides results of the analysis of business environments of Slovakia over 2012–2018 (GCI) on the basis of data provided by organisations dealing with business environment surveys such as the World Bank and World Economic Forum.