The article considers the digital economy as the main factor in the development of small and medium-sized businesses. The programs of the digital economy of various foreign countries were explained. Methods of effective development of the digital economy are studied. The importance of the digital economy in modernizing traditional industries and services is emphasized. Mixed financial transactions have organized by continuous penetration of information in technologies and its role in the development of small and medium-sized businesses have described. In Kazakhstan, the problems of introduction and dissemination of the digital economy in the sphere of small and medium-sized innovative entrepreneurship are discussed: the lack of infrastructure to promote domestic developments, underestimation of innovative activity by domestic entrepreneurs. The digital economy characterized as one of the manifestations of scientific and technological development of Kazakhstan. It provides for a significant favorable impact of digitalization on the development of small and medium-sized innovative entrepreneurship in Kazakhstan. In the digital economy, the main attention paid to one of the most important conditions for the effective development of the leading branches of human activity - the formation of an appropriate institutional environment. The main institutions, personnel and conditions for the use of knowledge for the successful development of the digital economy outlined
The authors have conducted a retrospective analysis of the historical and logical stages of establishing the financial reporting system in the Russian Federation for determining the development direction of public reporting of economic entities and justifying the need to prepare integrated corporate reporting that meets the information needs of interested parties. The use of a paradigm approach made it possible to justify the regularities of the formative stages of accounting environment, to distinguish the key foundations of complex accounting information, to determine the current needs of business informatization and preparation of integrated corporate reporting.
The analysis of integrated corporate reporting relevance, the usefulness of disclosing financial and non-financial indicators, that are essential in the reporting to assess business performance and create a value chain, is the subject of study. The authors found that the leading indicators of economic activity of interest to external and internal users of the reporting information are related to the investment attractiveness of the company, its sustainable development, efficiency, and profitability. Therefore, to analyze value creation efficiency, it is necessary to expand the range of assessment with the following cost factors: organization, customers, society, natural environment, innovation, risks, and corporate management. should be classified into the following groups related to the company’s performance: income-generating (possibility of growth, competitiveness, cost of capital, risks) and expense-generating (labor costs, transaction losses, cost of capital, risk management). In this paper, the authors suggest a model for an objective assessment of the company’s ability to create added value, given the management segments (economic, environmental, social) and various forms of capital, which allows determining the company’s business advantages, directions for maximizing opportunities and minimizing risks for each capital used and reducing the information gap between financial and non-financial information, as well as improving business transparency.