This article is a continuation of the historical overview of corporate social responsibility (CSR), took place in the 20th century. The main definitions, principles, actions were explained with the purpose of research the influence if the kinds of responsibilities as legal, ethical, philanthropic on the sustainable development of the enterprise. The consequent CSR concepts observations are presented, namely Social Responsibility of Business Man, Stakeholder Approach, Three dimensional model, Three-dimensional model of principles, policies and processes, Institutional framework and extended corporate actions, Three-domains approach, Contemporary concept. The new XXI centuries SCR concepts were discovered and their theories fixed. Novel insights into contemporary meaning of SCR are being suggested.
This article present a historical background of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) evolution since 1950s to the contemporary concept which represents CSR as a process to integrate social, environmental, ethical, human rights and consumer concerns into business operations and core strategy in close corporation with multi-stakeholders of enterprise. As we enlarged the scope of our research we found an extensive panorama of theories about corporate social responsibility, an abundance of approaches, and diverse descriptions of the models. Corporate social responsibility can be called corporate conscience, corporate citizenship, social performance, or sustainable responsible business. The first part of this research paper offers a historical overview of CSR, to facilitate the account from a thematic point of view which switching-over to the CSR evolution into different concepts.
The aim of the article is to suggest a monitoring tool for a business model to assess performance and meet sustainable development goals and indicators for the sea commercial ports. According to the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda, building resilient infrastructure, promoting inclusive and sustainable industrialization and fostering innovation is one of the seventeen goals set forward. We assume that added value is the key aim of any business model creation, while business model itself is recommended to be based on multidimensional innovation and complementary assets of business.The multidimensional innovations include: market innovation, product innovation and process innovation. The introduction part here presents the description of the business model development roadmap. For the specific case of a trade port case the business model rests on four blocks: the system for added value generation, value suggestion, clients and financial model. The complementary assets’ list is presented for such a sea commercial port. Qualitative and quantitative indicators of the sea trade port business model performance are tracked down. Business model sustainable development for a sea commercial port is described. Value added is considered as the indicator of sustainable development on both micro- and macrolevels.
The paper analyses possible directions for sustainable development of heat supply systems of the countries participating in the Eurasian Economic Union when creating a united electricity market. The present problem is subject to the fact that the key technology for the energy products production which forms the basis of the energy systems of the former Soviet Union countries is combined generation of electric and heat energy at the CHP. At the same time, this type of combined production is ineffective in the energy market conditions, and creation of a unified energy market can significantly affect the energy and economic efficiency of regional heat supply systems and energy security of states. In this regard, possible ways of sustainable development of regional heat supply systems in the context of integration of market pricing mechanisms are proposed and risks of various business models of commercial activity in the sphere of heat supply are identified.