Transparency of financial accounting information in FDI firms will have certain impacts on enhancing responsibilities of FDI investments on society, income and environment. The research aimed to evaluate the association of disposable income and environmental pollution on the investments measured using FDI. The research was specific to the Vietnam compared to Indonesian economy. We use both qualitative and quantitative analysis. In Vietnam, qualitative analysis, synthesis, dialectical materialism and statistics explanation method were used. Then, The research was secondary quantitative and the data was accumulated from World Bank. The time frame considered for this study ranged from 1960 to 2018. For statistical analysis, descriptive statistics, stationarity testing, ARDL assessment and Granger Causality have been used. The results unveiled that both disposable income and environmental pollution are found to have significant effect on the FDI of Vietnam and Indonesia. Moreover, the higher transparency level of financial accounting information in FDI firms, the higher CSR in term of business environment and society for FDI firms. We also propose some recommendations for enhancing financial accounting information transparency in Vietnam. For instance, FDIs firms need to increase transparency in financial statements, internal and external investor financial accounting reports, income distribution, tax and stakeholder payment obligations, internal price transfer policy, etc. Lat bu not least, the research is limited to 2 above countries and no other country has been evaluated. Therefore, in future more countries can be considered for comparative analysis. In furtherance, more factors can be considered in future that affect Vietnam and Indonesian FDI.
This paper examines the impact of ownership strategy on bank performance in Vietnam from 2000 to 2017. The results show that the ownership structure has a significant impact on bank performance, namely that state-owned banks are more efficient than private ones in terms of technical efficiency, but not in terms of scale efficiency. Furthermore, state-owned banks do not appear to be excellent at investment activities while provisions for credit losses are substantially high, which can negatively affect their performance. Listed banks may be more encouraged to implement activities which can increase bank performance, to make present stakeholders satisfied as well as to attract new ones. The larger the scale, the more efficient the listed banks will be. However, they will not achieve good results in terms of technical efficiency.
The purpose of the paper is to assess the impact of corporate governance on Vietnam banks’ performance measured by ROA (return on assets) and OER (operating efficiency ratio). The article uses a research method which is a quantitative research method through the construction of a binary Probit model with two aggregate variables, namely Macroeconomic indicators and financial index variables. The results are consistent with prior research findings, and more importantly, presents statistical justification for pursuing further corporate governance reforms to enhance Vietnam banks’ performance. These findings also lay a foundation for policy makers to make necessary changes to improve corporate governance (i.e role of board of directors, shareholder issues) of Vietnam banks in the future. Social Implications: the study used Vietnam listed banks’ financial data collected covering a period 2008 to 2018. The findings indicated that board size, CEO duality and large shareholder had statistically significant effect on bank performance in both ROA (return on assets) and OER (operating efficiency ratio). While institutional shareholders and foreign shareholders made no impact on Vietnam banks’ performance.