The article describes development and technical modernization of the Polish Armed Forces after 2014. It explores the linkage between development and modernization efforts and evolving military threat posed by Russia. Discussion on evolution of military threat posed by Russia constitutes a starting point for further analyses. Then, a comparative analysis of development and technical modernization plans adopted for Polish Armed Forces after 2014 and tangible results of modernization efforts undertaken during this period is presented. The article concludes with predictions on sustainability of development and modernization of the Polish Armed Forces.
The paper provides an assessment of Poland’s efforts to address security threats over the last decade. The analysis is limited to energy security, environment protection, cybersecurity and information threats. Governmental strategies, policies and plans are confronted with the assessments of the Supreme Audit Office, academia and think tanks. The paper identifies common challenges related to development and implementation of the state’s response to traditional and emerging threats. It also discusses observed trade-offs and consequences of both actions and hesitance to act.
Significant changes to security environment make military operations more complex and demanding. Preparing military commanders to face future challenges has been vital for military success and national security. While the system of the Professional Military Education seems good, there are opportunities to make it more responsive and efficient. The article summarizes the ongoing discussion on the Professional Military Education, and identifies challenges related to preparation of future commanders. Based on recent developments some ideas on improving Professional Military Education are offered.