An important strategic goal of the infrastructure development in the Czech Republic is the use of modern detection, diagnostic, information, control and security technologies based on intelligent transport systems (ITS), global navigation satellite systems and Earth observation systems. The modern transport system is based on a multimodal and intermodal approach. The individual modes of transport are being developed to form a coherent whole from the users’ point of view. Transport infrastructure and vehicles must be in good technical condition and equipped with intelligent technologies. Managing the process of transporting people and goods requires reliable transmission of information in real time. The transport system must also be operated in a secure manner, be prepared for risk and emergencies and have the ability to deal with security threats arising from illegal behaviour. The paper briefly shows the process of building ITS, the possibilities of using modern intelligent information, diagnostic, control and safety technologies in transport until 2027 with a view to 2050.
The paper deals with the theoretical problems of nonlinear dynamical systems with internal parameters, which can be called chaotic systems with some simplification. The science of chaos has a relatively short history and is not yet sufficiently reflected by experts in various fields, resp. The authors are confused with the terms confusion, coincidence, etc. The authors believe that in examining chaos, it is necessary to consistently distinguish systems, namely deterministic, stochastic, and chaotic. Specifically, possible and anticipated practical applications of chaos theory with a focus on the issue of congestion of traffic flows in road transport.