This research article aims at examining the nature of the relationship between the real effective exchange rate and oil prices in Thailand for the period 1997 to 2019. It is expected that bilateral exchange rates have more fluctuation under a floating exchange rate than under a fixed exchange rate. The monthly data of real oil prices and real effective exchange rate have been employed for the analysis. The results indicate that these two series do not have co-integration and causality connections. However, a raise in the instability in oil prices brings to a raise in rate of exchange instability. These findings have important policy implications for the government.
Education is an inevitable aspect for any country and without it; no country can flourish and grow effectively. Therefore, the quality of education must not be compromised. As the impact of human development, public spending on education and trained teachers’ availability is being studied in context of quality of education, a whole study and research plan has been prepared by the author. Data collection process involves the gathering of data from Asian countries for 25 years from reliable data bases. After data collection, several tests and approaches were used for the analysis of data. LLC unit root test was applied for order of integration and stationarity of data, Kao cointegration test was applied to find out cointegrated and long run relationships between the variables and finally DOLS estimation approach was used to measure the relationship between the variables. According to the results of these tests, it has been found that the variables that have significant impact on quality of education include human development, public spending on education, trained teachers’ availability and literacy rate. In the last, several theoretical, practical and policy making implications have been discussed by the author. Different limitations have also been identified and future research recommendations have also been given for the assistance of other researchers.
This paper examines the impact of public spending on ASEAN-5 countries economic development. The purpose of this study is to provide evidence, reference and contribute to the knowledge about government spending and economic growth. This study involves ASEAN-5 countries. The countries are Thailand, Singapore, Indonesia, Philippines and Malaysia. The countries are chosen because there is a lack of study of government expenditure for ASEAN-5 countries using panel data. The data covers from year 1990 to 2014. The data is retrieved from the World Development Indicators (World Bank). The dependent variable is gross domestic product (GDP). GDP is used to measure economic growth. The main independent variable is government expenditure. The other independent variables are gross capital formation, portfolio investment, labor, trade, total reserve and gross savings. A clear understanding about inter-linkages between government spending and economic growth will help the government in making better decision for the country. As ASEAN countries have responsibility for ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) Blueprint 2025 to meet its objectives, ASEAN governments are expected to effectively monitor the public spending as fiscal instrument in stimulating economic growth. Government expenditure may become unproductive if misallocating and using it in excess. From this study, there is evidence that government expenditure has impact on economic growth. Future research is expected to expand the investigation to other composition of government spending such as education, defense and infrastructure expenditures instead of using general government final consumption expenditures.
The key purpose of this research is to explore the nexus between crime, socio economic strains and the economic growth of Thailand. The study has used the ARDL technique to achieve the objectives of the study. The finding revealed the fact that the roles of crime have been well emphasized in the literature, especially on how it acts as a stoppage on the progress of the economy in terms of growth. A crime committed in the economy incurs more expenditure and causes the mobility of highly skilled labour which is worse than the formal labour market. Socioeconomic strains have similar dimensions of impacts on crime variables regarding the positive relationship based on the above results. Deterrence variables performed as expected on other crime variables except on person’s crime. Family instability showed a positive impact on property crime. The extent that socioeconomic strain affects crime variables has shown that the strain of frustration, anger and stress in people are exhibited in the social and economic factors that prevail in Thailand. Individuals facing economic hardships brought by socioeconomic factors would innovate alternative means to survive.
The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of women empowerment through board diversity along with governance variables on capital structure and leverage dimensions. To achieve this objective, sample of 35 business firms over 2012-2016 is collected in the region of Thailand. Secondary data approach is implemented with descriptive and regression analysis. It is found that board diversity (presence of female members) is significantly associated to capital structure and leverage pattern. With the presence of firm age, fixed payments and risk factor, this effect is found to be true for total loan and leverage factors but insignificant for the debt to equity ratio. Effect of board size on capital structure and leverage dimensions is also found to be significant. Meanwhile, effect of age on debt ratio and total loan is positively significant but negatively significant for total leverage. Practical significance of the study covers managerial implication in the field of corporate governance and risk-taking behavior through capital structure and leverage.
The objective of this empirical research is to analyze the risk-return through financial ratios as determinants of stock price in ASEAN region. To address this purpose, business firms from Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand and Singapore are selected with a sample of 10 firms in each state over 2012 to 2016. Multiple regression technique is applied to analyze the relationship between financial ratios and stock prices. It is observed that current ratio, quick ratio, assets growth, return on assets, return on equity, return on capital employed, and price to earning ratio are significant determinants of stock price. Although this study is a reasonable addition in existing literature of financial ratios as determinants of stock price. However, contribution of the study can be viewed through covering a gap from the context of ASEAN region, which is under reserachers attentions for stock price determinants. Core limitations of the study covers limited number of sample size and five years of time duration. Besides, some ratios are missing which can be reconsidered in upcoming studies. These ratios include debt ratios, interest payment ratios, and fixed cost covered ratios as well.