It has been determined that legalization (laundering) of proceeds from crime as a criminal offense is committed by individuals and legal entities using a criminal (corruption) mechanism for granting the status of legal origin to assets (funds, real estate, securities) knowingly acquired by criminal means, in order to conceal predicate offense and the acquisition of legal grounds for possession, use and disposal of these assets. According to the Association Agreement between Ukraine and the European Union, combating these crimes is recognized as an element of security policy, which determines the feasibility of further appropriate changes to existing legislation and the need to improve the organization and methodology of investigation of these crimes. The assessment of the impact of offshore zones on the indicators of financial security of Ukraine based on the construction of an econometric regression model has been carried out. In accordance with the obtained results, recommendations on deoffshorization as an effective tool for ensuring the financial security of Ukraine have been provided. It has been stressed that international cooperation in the field of criminal justice should become an effective process and, having got rid of cumbersome and lengthy formal procedures, be transformed into an operational process of interaction between authorized persons. Operational cooperation between law enforcement agencies of Ukraine and EU countries, which is provided for in the Association Agreement, is complicated by the factor of inadequate communication due to the fact that law enforcement officers do not speak foreign languages and need training (both professional and language training).
The article theoretically substantiates the methodological approaches and tools of comprehensive statistical analysis of labor migration, based on the principles of systematic research from the standpoint of integrity and integration of processes. This, in turn, allowed to identify the main elements and features that characterize labor migration, as the object of statistical research, as well as to carry out an objective analysis of the condition and development of this phenomenon at both national and regional levels. The role of statistical analysis of labor migration in the management system based on the analysis of the experience of developed countries was also determined. A conceptual approach in the field of state regulation of labor migration was proposed, which is based on the application of a systematic approach and compliance with its basic principles. The place of statistical assessment and monitoring of labor migration was established as one of the main tools for regulating the number of labor migrants from the standpoint of systematics. The results of the assessment of the procedures for acquiring citizenship and issuing permits for foreigners in Ukraine have been analyzed. Moreover, practical recommendations were provided based on a statistical analysis of the procedure for acquiring citizenship and issuing permits to foreigners in accordance with the principles of human rights and non-discrimination. Peculiarities of legal regulation regarding the migration processes in Ukraine were studied. The identified shortcomings and “gaps” in the legal field of Ukraine allow to form practical recommendations on the legal regulation of migration processes in accordance with the basic principles of European integration.
The article deals with the study of the financial security of the state as a component of its national security. It has been established that financial security is state’s ability to react in an adequate and immediate way to internal and external negative financial influences in peacetime and in emergency situations, in particular in the context of a hybrid war. It has been established that the components of the financial security of the state are banking, debt, budget, currency and monetary security. It has been found out that corruption, financial and economic crime, hybrid war, fiscal decentralization, and lack of a strategy to protect the financial and economic interests of the state are threats to the financial security of the states in the present conditions. At the same time, proper protection of the financial security of the state against internal and external threats is possible only in case of quality management of the financial and economic sphere, first of all, this is the identification of threats to the financial security of the state, conducting of financial control, and counteraction and combating against financial and economic crimes, which is the task of law enforcement agencies. The development of the idea of creating a single law enforcement agency of Ukraine empowered to prevent, detect, suspend and investigate financial and economic crimes was considered. For comparison, attention was drawn to foreign experience, namely Italy, Romania, Macedonia, Austria, Croatia, Latvia, Lithuania, for which the activity of such law enforcement agencies is already established practice. The positive aspects which can be implemented in Ukraine as well as in other countries, intending to create a new law enforcement entity, were emphasized.