Security management in the air transport is understood as an integral part of the activity and the decision-making process of the managers of the air operator and the security service, assigned to manage the security risks in the following dominant areas. The scientific cognition, investigation and complex education in the field of the situational security management within the range of a multidimensional relation “Human – Technique – Environment” in the transport that is perceived as a complex adaptive ergatic system within the context of available resources, it represents a creative activity in the field of security, quality and effectiveness of processes of the personnel education, performance and flight operation provision.
The protection of state security by the legal standards of the criminal law is one of the key, the legally protected interests including the cybersecurity in the sectors of critical infrastructure transport (road, air transport, ship, and rail), electronic communications, energy, information and communication technologies, post, industry, water and atmosphere, health. Today’s empirical empowerment confirms that the security is a significant multidimensional factor of the quality of society and citizen’s life, which we have to systematically examine, forecast and ensure. The contribution presents the defined security interests of the state in the framework of new strategic documents of the Slovak Republic in the comparison with the current standards of the criminal law for the protection of state security within the material and non-material components of the defence potential of the state.