The article formalizes theoretical and methodological foundations of the use of parametric artificial intelligence technologies to ensure the security of sustainable society development. An algorithm for using an artificial neuron to describe a model of social development is proposed. Optimization of the processes of using neural networks in creating an expert system for forecasting safe social development is conducted.
The scientific paper identifies the leading processes of transnationalisation of the international labor market and the security factors of its existence. The degree of influence of direct foreign investments on the market of national labor resources was determined. The correlation relationship between the foreign investment and the creation of new workplaces in foreign divisions by TNC was studied. The segment security of the international labor market was studied under the influence of the formation of value chains in the environment of TNC.
The article determines the factors of effectiveness of the formation of the organizational culture of the enterprise and its role in ensuring personnel security. It was proven that an enterprise can improve the quality of personnel security by developing an organizational culture in order to obtain positive dynamics of changes in economic efficiency indicators. An econometric model was proposed for determining the level of dependence of economic parameters of an enterprise on the directions of development and transformation of organizational culture. A tool for assessing the state of the organizational culture of the enterprise and assessing its impact on personnel security was proposed.
Our paper focuses on the issues of food security and agricultural trade. Specifically, we tackle the issue of economic selfsufficiency of a country using an example of the import ban on agricultural production as one form of economic sanctions. Our paper attempts to estimate the impact of sanctions in separate regions, rather then on the aggregate country level. We propose an original methodology of estimating allocation of import ban effects based on the OECD Customer Support Estimate (CSE). Our results demonstrate that in case of some agricultural products (e.g. potatoes) consumers in most of Russian regions were net beneficiaries before 2014, but the magnitude of the benefits decreased significantly after the introduction of sanctions. This provided Russian agricultural producers with more support arising from the market price differential. All in all, we find no significant evidence of the import ban impact, however after 2014 the cumulative cost paid by consumers in different regions declined significantly due to other factors, leaving consumers in the position of net beneficiaries. Our results demonstrate that despite the economic sanctions are important, they do not affect food security of neither of conflicting parties.
Present research is developed in light of the farmland market establishment in Ukraine. Agriculture is one of the key sectors of national economy, which determine its development. Thus, the farmland users determine the transition of the national economy to sustainable development. The purpose of this paper is in developing a methodology for quantitative assessment demand quantity and price on farmland market in Ukraine. In the present research, we propose a methodology for estimating demand on agricultural land in Ukraine based on the operational data of the corporate agricultural producers and macroeconomic situation in the country. Using the discounted profit margins for the corporate agricultural producers, which operated in Ukraine in 2015, we estimate land price and demand quantity that is conditional on profitability of agricultural production towards to sustainability. As a result, we find that after establishing the land market in Ukraine, demand on the agricultural farmland is expected to be significant and is likely to generate substantial capital flows towards landowners. In addition, existence of the transferable land-property lights will make the land available for the collateral purposes. That is expected to enable Ukrainian corporate and private agricultural of any size to the improved access to capital. Specifically, this paper is amount the first one, where demand prices on the possible land market in Ukraine are estimated. Opening one third of the arable land area to the market (sample of the corporate agricultural producers covered by the research due to the data related limitations), agriculture may benefit with 30 to 50 billion euros of the capital investments.
Throughout the history of mankind, energy security has been always seen as a means of protection from disruptions of essential energy systems. The idea of protection from disorders emerged from the process of securing political and military control over energy resources to set up policies and measures on managing risks that affect all elements of energy systems. The various systems placed in a place to achieve energy security are the driving force towards the energy innovations or emerging trends in the energy sector.
Our paper discusses energy security status and innovations in the energy sector in European Union (EU). We analyze the recent up-to-date developments of the energy policy and exploitation of energy sources, as well as scrutinize the channels of energy streaming to the EU countries and the risks associated with this energy import. Moreover, we argue that the shift to the low-carbon production of energy and the massive deployment of renewable energy sources (RES) might become the key issue in ensuring the energy security and independency of the EU from its external energy supplies. Both RES, distributed energy resources (DER) and “green energy” that will be based on the energy efficiency and the shift to the alternative energy supply might change the energy security status quo for the EU.
Network capital is a little explored phenomenon, but it is difficult to imagine the existence of man and society without networking effect. Network capital is a special type of social capital, its new branch in the e-society, the result of scientific and technical progress, in particular, the development of information and communication technologies (ICT). Network capital has a huge impact on the formation of modern society, accelerating and facilitating the development of globalization process and processes of global resource sharing and redistribution. Due to this positive influence, it blurs boundaries between global and local problems, creating new opportunities beyond the limitations of space or time, contributing to the economic development of enterprises at the local, regional and global level. Thereby becomes topical the necessity for a more efficient management of network capital, as well as the need to develop methods of its measurement and analysis. In the first part of the paper, authors examined the relevance of network capital phenomenon and generalized examples of its use in the modern e-society. In the second part of the article authors identified place of network capital in the context of aggregate capital, conducted a literature review, summarizing the main principles and concepts of network capital theory. The literature review showed that the role and possibilities of network capital development are poorly understood, a very small number of researches have been carried out on the subject and they do not present enough empirical analysis. The differences in terminology and interpretation of the phenomenon was revealed as well. In the third part of the article, authors analysed dynamics of the main ICT infrastructure indicators and indicators, which effect the development of network capital. The research helped to identify the main trends in network capital infrastructure changes over the past 10 years, as well as to ascertain the main problems and imbalances in its development. The analysis showed that between network capital and economic development of the country presents a very strong logarithmic dependence. At the end of the article authors presented conclusions on the work done. The paper is a preparatory base for further research in the field of network capital.
The article is dedicated to the research and assessment of trust and partnership impact throughout the main authors of innovation cooperation - universities, business and state. This impact is put on the innovative cooperation’s development of the border region (Latvia-Lithuania-Belarus) and production of innovative products and services in that region. The research region is consisting of the regions of Latvia (Latgale region), Lithuania (Vilnius region, Alytus region, Utena region, Panevezys region, Kaunas region), Belarus (Vitebsk, Grodno region, Minsk region, Mogilev region). Lack of attention to the above issues, related with border region, stresses the importance of the article. Innovations are key factor in long-term economic development of the region. The main condition for development is a purposeful formation and effective functioning of the territorial innovation system, in which one of the factors of its successful development is trust between participants of the system. The information base of the research is survey of 620 entrepreneurs of small and medium-sized enterprises in the border region.
The purpose of this paper is to investigate how learning in collaboration can support the development of sustainability competence in the military. The concept of sustainability in the military is controversial; nevertheless, requirements for more conscious decisions regarding economics, environment and society issues enter military practice and require rethinking the processes of military education and development. The application of computer-supported collaborative learning brings new opportunities in overcoming controversy of sustainability in the military and at the same time puts forward the solutions and skills for implementations of sustainability in the military.
Instead of using traditional approach towards sustainability as an interaction of the following three components: economic viability, social welfare and environmental protection, we described sustainability in the military as a composition of mission, management of installations and stakeholders, operations and maintenance, environment protection and quality of life. According to these categories, e-learning platform was developed. The core of this platform is the formal learning curriculum, which serves as a shell under which a variety of practices can be introduced to address the desired training objectives. The complex solution was accomplished with computerfacilitated collaborative learning that enables teem-working, collaboration and peer-assessment. Computer-facilitated collaborative learning supports social interaction in the learning system and sustains group-work within a variety of decision-making frameworks. Those features of the learning system are very important considering the controversy and complexity of sustainability in the military.