The pandemic situation associated with the occurrence of COVID-19 has necessitated the initiation or renewal of research activities aimed at the possibility of using materials that will have very good post-accident properties. One of the materials that have been developed, tested and applied in the past has been materials based on the spherical fullerene C 60 molecule. A microstructure using REM and SEM and sorptive properties of fullerene C 60 for gases of toluene with the employment of a QCM detector has been studied. Obtained micrographs are discussed in relation to a possible spatial arrangement at the molecular level. The envisaged solution aims to develop a sensor that, due to its surface properties, would be useful for the detection of gas and liquid phases of chemical warfare agents and industrial chemicals. It is envisaged that the surface layer consisting of fullerene C 60 will be universally applicable, reusable and low cost and low maintenance.
he possibility of creation of nanocoatings with hydrophobic or oleo phobic properties on textiles materials designated for protective suits with plasma-chemical procedures with the employment pf atmospheric plasma without vacuum has been verified. On four samples of selected textile materials without any additional modification (Ba, PES+Ba, PES+Ba+Nomex, Ba+Nomex) has been at the Masaryk´s University (MU) in Brno applied with a plasma nozzle with ten different ways nanocoatings based on siloxane (HMDSO, OMCTS) and nanoglass. Prepared samples have been assessed at the MU in Brno even from the behaviour against freely lying drops of the sulphur mustard point of view. At the Military Technical Institute of Protection (VTUO) some selected samples have been subsequently evaluated even from the behaviour of freely lying drops of sulphur mustard. Supposed behaviour of the Chemical Warfare Agent (CWA) of the VX type, sulphur mustard and Soman have been simulated within selected samples with observation of freely lying drops of the olive oil, nitrobenzene, and propanol with similar values of the surface tension as above-mentioned CWA. Founded values of contact angles have been compared with contacts values of contacts angles founded in the scope of two developed materials of the coating textiles for modernized filtration protective garment with classical hydrophobic or oleo phobic modification which have been provided with the company of B.O.I.S. – Filtry, Ltd. Within all samples the change of contact angles in time and also the homogeneity of the modification have been considered. The stability and mechanical sustainability of applied sets against washing has not been evaluated. It has been proved that with the help of plasma-chemical modification is possible to prepare nanocoatings even with ultra-hydrophobic (the contact angle for water is bigger than 150 °) and super oleo phobic (the contact angle for water is bigger than 136 °) properties on suitable textile materials. The best results, so called the effect of a lotus flower, have been reached mainly within two samples of textile materials contented a part of nomex fibes.
Nowadays, filtration barrier materials are more often used for providing with long-term protection of the Czech Armed Forces professionals and Fire Rescue Brigades specialists against the effects of toxic compounds. A comprehensive study provided authors with evaluation of their protective properties’ qualitative changes in connection with knowledge development of possibilities of sensor technologies at this time. A solution usable for an electronic detection of the moment of water permeation or a liquid phase of other test chemicals (penetration) through construction materials of a filtration type or permeable barrier materials which are or perspectively can be used for protection against the effects of toxic compounds has been recently proposed. The aim of the solution is to replace a current used subjective way of the visual observation of water or other test chemicals penetration through textile materials used in anti-gas protection with the objective observation of the moment of test chemicals permeation (time of drench) with the help of a conductivity sensor with a possibility of an automatic record of the rate of penetration with the employment of the KONDUKTOTEST device.