Employee training is a systematic activity implemented in a hierarchical organization to which the police belong. It is therefore necessary to properly manage this system at the appropriate level, because it has a positive impact on the level of social security. Staff training and development are increasingly appreciated by organizations, especially those that implement a country’s security policy. The purpose of the study is to present the essence of training and improving Police employees, which in turn will allow to develop a model for such training and its management as one of the most important tasks of the personnel departments. Management in this area plays an important role in setting directions for the development of employees’ potential and effectively facilitates the introduction of any changes that will be reflected in the work effectively performed by officers.
By fulfilling their tasks, employees of isolation institutions contribute to the subjective sense of security of citizens. At the same time, the staff of these institutions and their dependents become a security entity which, due to the dynamically changing sense of danger on the part of prisoners, requires active prevention of factors threatening the correct execution of the penalty of imprisonment (aggression against officers, violence against inmates, self-aggression, suicidal behaviors, etc.). In fact, by undertaking a number of preventive measures, staff undoubtedly manages security in penitentiary facilities. It is also important to use appropriate protective infrastructure depending on the type and type of prison. It is worth paying attention to the situation of Polish prisons. Political changes in Poland after 1989 also caused transformations in the prison system. A characteristic feature of these changes is the normalization of relations between prison staff and prisoners. Amendments to criminal legislation, including penitentiary, have adapted the legal situation in prisons to international standards. In theory and practice, attention is paid to a more subjective treatment of persons deprived of their liberty and greater protection of their rights and freedoms.