The article presents the nature of regional conflicts as one of the types of social conflicts in the context of traditional (naturalistic) and activity approaches. The authors reveal a number of conditions that determined the reasons for use of social conflicts in the second half of the 20th century, as well as the features of the increased demand for them in terms of solving the problems generated by contemporary globalization processes. Particular attention is paid to the threat posed by the attempts of a number of countries to use regional conflicts in order to demonstrate their power to the rest of the world. The article presents the analysis of the reasons contributing to the transformation of regional conflicts into an attribute of global instability, as well as considers the prospects of the formation of a multipolar world arrangement model, where the very possibility of regional conflicts could be minimized.
This scientific paper considers the essence of investment, financial and operational activity of the enterprise in the context of provision of a high level of its economic security, and describes the importance of investment support for the economic activity of the enterprise and the place of investments for the factor of economic security. The method of estimation of investment, financial and operational risks based on matrix and expert approaches was offered. The modelling of the systemic risk impact on the economic security of the enterprise was performed and recommendations on the neutralization of the influence of risks were developed.
The key components in economic security system of the enterprise, which have the greatest influence of factors in external and internal environment are defined. The structuring of strategic economic security of an enterprise as an object of management was done. The structural model of providing comprehensive strategic economic security was proposed. The introduced structural model solves the issue of conceptualization of the economic security architecture and is a unitary system. In providing strategic economic safety of the enterprise it is offered to allocate the presence of an object that is at risk, and the presence of factors that have a threatening effect on the safety of the object as its constituents.
The individual principles of the cyclical course of economic processes in modern economic conditions were considered. The existing theories of economic (business) cycles were analyzed. The financial economy was defined as a component of the security of financial flows. The factors of strengthening (weakening) of the interaction of financial flows in the economy and their safe movement support were characterized. The effect of multiplication of financial flows for individual stages of the economic cycle was disclosed. The specifics of complex security of the movement of financial flows in industrial and financial economies were studied. A comparative characteristic of industrial and financial economies was carried out according to a number of criteria.
Family businesses are identified in many instances as small-scale entities. However, among family businesse, there are many huge corporations, and many of the world’s best-known brands are classified as being family orientated. They generate large revenues, which play a very important role in the global economy. In Poland, several examples of well-known brands belonging to families can be found, such as Mokate, Comarch and Farmacol. The aim of the article is to present selected large Polish family businesses against the background of some of the largest family businesses globally and to determine the difference between them. The research followed an empirical approach and is based on the analysis of secondary data sources, such as Ernst & Young Family Business Yearbook report series from 2015-2017, the Global Family Business Index ranking, and studies on Polish family businesses. The analyses confirmed that many of the global largest enterprises are indeed family businesses. The importance of family businesses in the economy is evident by the fact that in 2015, enterprises from the Global Family Business Index generated revenues higher than the GDP of most countries in the world. None of the large Polish family businesses have yet found their place in the analysed ranking, but also, in Poland, family businesses play a significant role, and some of them generate revenues of several billion dollars. Familism does not prevent enterprises from achieving a significant position in the market the largest family businesses in the world play such a strong role that their success or failure may affect the condition of the entire economy. Polish family businesses are not yet included in this group, but they are constantly growing. It can, therefore, be anticipated that in a few years, Polish family businesses will have a good representation in the Global Family Business Index and will help to ensure sustainable development of the Polish economy.
In the scientific work, the factors of perception of management styles have been studied in order to ensure the security of functioning of the enterprise in the context of the transformation of the social system when implementing strategies aimed at its development. The paradigm of decision making on interference in functional processes has been studied for ensuring the security and organizational sustainability of the enterprise. The main components of the formation of corporate models of sustainability and security of enterprise development have been considered and classified.
The article is devoted to the problems of formation and development of sectoral corporate clusters and the infrastructure security of their formation and development in the system of the national economy. The role of the innovation infrastructure in the development of the national economy was determined, and a model was proposed for transferring the innovative product from the developer to the real economy. The main components of the production and infrastructure security of business entities when deploying an innovative business development model were outlined.
The concept and the need of organizational changes in the corporate environment in order to ensure a lasting effect of economic and strategic security were determined. The methodology for conducting organizational changes based on the use of optimal operational integration, which forms a decomposition of the company’s development goals and forms the field of economic security was proposed. The model analysis of ensuring effective organizational security and operational integration of the functional units of the company was carried out.
The article determines the factors of effectiveness of the formation of the organizational culture of the enterprise and its role in ensuring personnel security. It was proven that an enterprise can improve the quality of personnel security by developing an organizational culture in order to obtain positive dynamics of changes in economic efficiency indicators. An econometric model was proposed for determining the level of dependence of economic parameters of an enterprise on the directions of development and transformation of organizational culture. A tool for assessing the state of the organizational culture of the enterprise and assessing its impact on personnel security was proposed.
This scientific paper provides an analysis of the formation and functioning of intellectual property objects. The influence of creation of intellectual property on the level and manifestations of national security of the countries of the world was determined. An analytical study of the current state and leadership in the world market of intellectual property objects has been conducted, the process of protection of intellectual rights and national interests of countries has been identified. Recommendations for combining the concept of national security and the intellectualization of world trade have been formed.