It has been determined that legalization (laundering) of proceeds from crime as a criminal offense is committed by individuals and legal entities using a criminal (corruption) mechanism for granting the status of legal origin to assets (funds, real estate, securities) knowingly acquired by criminal means, in order to conceal predicate offense and the acquisition of legal grounds for possession, use and disposal of these assets. According to the Association Agreement between Ukraine and the European Union, combating these crimes is recognized as an element of security policy, which determines the feasibility of further appropriate changes to existing legislation and the need to improve the organization and methodology of investigation of these crimes. The assessment of the impact of offshore zones on the indicators of financial security of Ukraine based on the construction of an econometric regression model has been carried out. In accordance with the obtained results, recommendations on deoffshorization as an effective tool for ensuring the financial security of Ukraine have been provided. It has been stressed that international cooperation in the field of criminal justice should become an effective process and, having got rid of cumbersome and lengthy formal procedures, be transformed into an operational process of interaction between authorized persons. Operational cooperation between law enforcement agencies of Ukraine and EU countries, which is provided for in the Association Agreement, is complicated by the factor of inadequate communication due to the fact that law enforcement officers do not speak foreign languages and need training (both professional and language training).
The article solves the current scientific problem of substantiation of theoretical and methodological bases of forecasting the regional aspect of ensuring economic security of the national economy and the development of conceptual guidelines and practical recommendations for improving management processes. The impact of threats on the economic security of the regions was determined. The use of cluster analysis tools allowed to determine the impact of socio-economic development factors on the economic security of the regions. It was established that the economic security of the “Higher”regional cluster is affected by such threats as the loss of sales markets, reduction of protection and rational use of natural resources, the level of control over corruption, political stability and the absence of violence/terrorism. The economic security of the “Average”regional cluster is affected by declining political stability and the absence of violence/terrorism, protection and rational use of natural resources, loss of sales markets, reduction of human development level, efficiency of state power, supremacy of the law. The economic security of the “Lower”regional cluster is affected by the loss of sales markets, declining human development level, control over corruption, efficiency of state authority, political stability and the absence of violence/terrorism, protection and rational use of natural resources. It is recommended to develop the Strategy of economic development of regions on the basis of the world experience for the purpose of ensuring economic security of national economy of the country.
The essence of administrative and legal regulation of the activities of the subjects of the national cybersecurity system of Ukraine has been established, which consists in building an effective system for ensuring cybersecurity and requires from the state bodies of Ukraine a clear legal definition of the principles of state policy in this area and an advanced response to dynamic changes taking place in the world in the field of cybersecurity. The classifier of threats to the security of information resources has been improved, which, in contrast to the existing ones, is based on a synergetic model of threats, which allows to classify threats by security components, types of services, and hierarchy levels of the infrastructure of automated systems, to assess the synergy and hybridity of threats to information security, cybersecurity, information security, and the likelihood of their impact on the security of information resources. It has been proved that the choice of specific means and ways of ensuring the cybersecurity of Ukraine is conditioned by the need to take timely measures adequate to the nature and scale of real and potential cybernetic threats to the vital interests of a person and citizen, society and the state. The purpose of the cybersecurity system of Ukraine has been clarified. The task of the cybersecurity system is to create the necessary conditions in cyberspace, under which it is possible to achieve national goals and realize the interests, tasks, and goals of its elements.
The energy security of the Visegrad Group countries is a derivative of their energy potential resulting from the lack of strategic natural gas and crude oil resources, limited fuel storage capacity and limited access to the transmission network. This causes a dependence on supplies of raw materials from Russia, which is not even, but applies to each of these countries. The Czech Republic and Slovakia have small deposits of natural gas and crude oil. Hungary and Poland have greater potential, but it is still not enough to achieve energy independence. The energy market of the V4 countries is of interest to the Russian Federation, but it is not a priority for it as it accounts for a small part of Russian transmissions. Russia aims to keep the market for crude oil and natural gas at a uniform level, but the actions of the V4 countries in terms of diversification of supplies, aimed at increasing the level of energy security, effectively hinder the implementation of this goal. The threat to the energy security of the V4 countries is related to their dependence on gas supplies from Gazprom. The terms of the contracts contain unfavorable clauses that negatively affect the sale of surplus Russian gas, as it is necessary to pay fees for the ordered gas regardless of the scale of its use. The differentiation in the energy policy of the Member States is also worth noting. An example is the lack of clear opposition from the Czech Republic, Hungary and Slovakia to the plans to expand the Nord Stream and Turkish Stream gas pipelines. These states show interest in participating in projects, which, in fact, constitute the implementation of the Russian concept of building new transmission routes. Poland takes a different position, consistently preventing the implementation of Russian energy projects.
The dynamics of changes in the business environment, globalization of economies with the rapid progress in technology make entrepreneurs accept the growing level of risk of crisis situations. The economic transformations that have been taking place over the years have initiated the emergence of mechanisms for crowding out unprofitable enterprises from the market that do not match the requirements of the market economy. On the one hand, bankruptcies may be regarded as a manifestation of failure to adapt to market requirements and changes, but more and more often they become a derivative of phenomena beyond the control of entrepreneurs. In particular, we are talking about ever new types of risk that accompanies business activity. The fact that the catalog of occurring risks is still an open catalog is evidenced by, for example, the recent events related to the Covid-19 pandemic. This paper attempts to present the scale of the businesses bankruptcy in Poland in 2009-2018 and a cross-sectional analysis taking into account the geographical origin of the bankrupt entities, the legal forms where they operated and the industries they represented. The analysis of the phenomenon was based on the data of the Central Statistical Office and own research of the documentation of the National Court Register. The purpose of the paper was to analyze the scale of the bankruptcy phenomenon in Poland over the years 2009-2018 and an attempt to identify the existing relationships.
This study proposes and empirically validates an outcome-based model of green HRM applicable in HEIs in UAE. Drawing on Resource Conversion Theory (COR), the study argues that the conservation of existing resources and the pursuit of new sustainable resources need strategic persuasion through green HRM. The study adopts a quantitative approach to measure the constructs and establish the proposed model’s reliability and validity. Non-probability sampling is applied to collect data employing a structured questionnaire from 250 employees working in five different UAE private HEIs. Data is analyzed through exploratory factor analysis to ascertain the factorial structure of the green HRM model. Further, the utilization of structural equation modeling tests helps to determine the causal relationships between HRM drivers and green outcomes. The result indicates several drivers of green HRM practices in an HEI impact green outcomes both at the employee and organizational levels. The hypothesis testing results suggest that HRM functions such as recruitment and selection, job design, performance management, rewards, and training and development with an underlying emphasis on green policies impacts green outcomes. When employees place central value on green resources, any threat of loss leads to protectionist green behavior or search for alternative sustainable resources. Green HRM is a facilitator of green values, culture, green organizational practices and outcomes. The study also contributes to academic research on green HRM by validating an impact-based model of green HRM specific to the higher education sector identifying green drivers and outcomes. The study contributes to the COR theory by extending its categorization to green resources.
Objective - This study was conducted to propose and test a conceptual model to resolve research gaps on customer satisfaction factors in the public sector of service companies, through the variable of corporate social responsibility (CSR), service experience, and customer company identification. Methodology/Technique - This study adopts the expectation theory of disconfirmation of customer satisfaction as a basis for resolving the research gap. Data was collected from 250 customers at a local enterprise water service in West Kalimantan, Indonesia, using a purposive sampling method. The analytical tool used is partial least square (PLS). Findings - The model is confirmed by the data collected and shows that customer satisfaction in local enterprise water services is influenced by services experiences and customer company identification, while CSR activities carried out by the company do not affect customer satisfaction, but CSR affects customer company identification.
This article presents the challenges and opportunities the application of a quality management practice in healthcare organizations presents in view of the psycho-emotional well-being of employees when implementing quality management practices. The article addresses the academic challenge of the impact implementation of a quality management practice has on the emotional well-being of employees, which is formulated as the following conundrum: does an implemented quality management practice improve the emotional well-being of employees. Although studies show that a quality management practice put in place has a positive impact on the quality of work, the introduction of a quality management practice sometimes has a negative impact on the emotional well-being of employees. The objective - to assess the impact of a quality management practice implementation on the emotional well-being of employees – has been met. Analysis and synthesis methods were applied, and a quantitative survey of 285 workers in three healthcare organizations was conducted. It was established that although all employees of organizations surveyed experience stressful situations at work, they feel better in organizations where a quality management practice is in place than in those where the practice is not in place. Therefore, we can argue that the implementation of a quality management practice improves the emotional well-being of employees.
This paper examines the impact of ownership strategy on bank performance in Vietnam from 2000 to 2017. The results show that the ownership structure has a significant impact on bank performance, namely that state-owned banks are more efficient than private ones in terms of technical efficiency, but not in terms of scale efficiency. Furthermore, state-owned banks do not appear to be excellent at investment activities while provisions for credit losses are substantially high, which can negatively affect their performance. Listed banks may be more encouraged to implement activities which can increase bank performance, to make present stakeholders satisfied as well as to attract new ones. The larger the scale, the more efficient the listed banks will be. However, they will not achieve good results in terms of technical efficiency.
The article aims to present financial analysis in determining the possibilities of human capital development, i.e., increase in the value of an enterprise through development of human capital. The market value of an enterprise is to a large extent dependent on its intellectual capital, including human capital. It may be said that human capital constitutes a ground for an enterprise’s development through work, creativity in operation, adjustment to a fast-evolving environment. Emphasizing the importance of the above content, as “hidden” assets of the enterprise, human capital is not fully included in the company’s financial reporting. Despite the often enormous intangible contribution into preparation, use of complex methods for selecting the right employees, implementation of an incentive system, performance evaluation and staff development, organizational procedures that absorb a series of activities to ensure growth of the company’s value and which should be included in its financial statements, are underestimated.